Toyota Corolla History
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    Toyota Corolla History

    The rear wheel drive Toyota Corolla was first introduced in Japan in model year 1966. Two years later, it was brought to the United States, replacing the unpopular and barely-noticed Crown. It lasted only two years with its original 60 horsepower (@6,000 rpm, gross) 1.1 liter engine. The Corolla was definitely small by American standards, with a 90 inch wheelbase; its 66 cubic inch engine (at that time, the smallest Plymouth had a 170 cubic inch powerplant!), however, moved the Corolla to an 87 mph maximum speed without the slow times one would expect, because the entire vehicle weighed 1,637 pounds - the wagon a bit heavier at 1,731 pounds - far less than the smallest Plymouth, which weighed nearly 3,000 pounds. Torque was balanced with horsepower at 61.5 lb-ft at 3,800 rpm. A two-barrel carburetor got the most out of the engine - in those years you simply could not get a two-barrel Valiant, and most other entry-level cars used a cheap but power-robbing single-barrel. The Corolla used modern unit-body construction, and the engine was hooked up to a four-speed synchronized manual transmission, again, at a time when most cars had a three-speed as their base manual and a four-speed as a sporty option. The small engine was sturdy, with five main bearings.

    1969 Corolla Sprinter


    1969 corolla Fielder


    1969 Corolla wagon


    The 1970 model was bigger, powered by a "much larger" 1.2 liter engine (73 net horsepower), now with an optional automatic transmission to suit American tastes. This new model actually became the second best selling import car in 1970, though at that time, the vast majority of cars were from GM, Ford, and Chrysler, with even AMC selling more vehicles than the imports.

    The next year, 1971, brought a 1.6 liter engine, more in tune with American tastes; it produced 102 horsepower, gross, and its SR5 option brought a five-speed manual transmission (advanced for its time). The American Corolla weighed a mere 1,566 pounds, allowing its relatively small engine to move rather quickly; the standard four-speed manual transmission had one more gear than most American sticks, and was syncrhonized as well for easy driving. A fastback coupe and two door sedan made up the line, and with an $1,830 starting price, the Corolla promised more value than just about any other car on the road.

    Like most cars of the time, these Corollas had rear wheel drive, unit-body construction, and a solid rear axle with leaf springs. They did have springs and struts in front, which was not unusual for small cars but was not yet popular among American automakers. Both front and rear brakes were drums, and wheels were 6 inches wide by 12 inches tall; the 90 inch wheelbase was shared with the Land Cruiser, while the 153 inch length and 59 inch width let it fit in practically any garage.

    Though sales were small, there were three models: coupe, two-door wagon, and sedan, starting at less than $1,700 - a bit cheaper than the popular Novas and Valiants (whose base engines were roughly 150 horsepower gross, 100 net). Some magazines talked happily about their economy, though quality was still a question, and rust was a severe problem. Corollas in coastal states were likely to rust apart before their engines had a chance to wear out.

    1974 saw the third generation, and the Corolla's strongest popularity - including the inexpensive Corolla Tercel model [which isn't really fair since the Tercel was a completely different vehicle], it was the best-selling vehicle in the world from 1974 to 1977. Five years later, in 1979, a fourth generation appeared, still with rear wheel drive. This was to last until 1984, when the fifth generation Corolla came with front wheel drive and a coupe version, the GT-S,with a 16 valve engine. The GT-S remained in production through 1991.

    The third generation had five models - sedans with two and four doors, a four door wagon, a two-door standard hardtop, and a two-door SR5 hardtop - but it had the same basic drivetrain, albeit with a catalytic converter. A two-door hatchback with a split folding rear seat and a "sport coupe" were added in 1976, when Toyota bragged:

    Corolla offers you the lowest price and highest mileage we have to offer. Better gas mileage in 1976 than in 1975... we check every Corolla engine with ten electrical and mechanical tests before we put it into a Corolla. Then we check every car...from the power front disc brakes to the cigarette lighter...the alignment of the hood to the interior trim. ... Most Corollas come standard with features like fully reclining front bucket seats, wall-to-wall carpeting, steel-belted radials, tinted glass, even an electric window defogger.

    1976 toyota corollas

    An updated grille appeared in 1977.


    The most dramatic change to date came in 1979, as all models except the wagon gained coil springs in the rear suspension, the wheelbase was lengthened to 94.5 inches, and a brand new engine was added - producing 75 net horsepower, which is more than the prior 102 gross horsepower. The transmissions carried over, but in 1982 a four-speed automatic was brought out - one of the first available in a mass production car - and the engine was down-rated to 70 horsepower.

    In 1983, the 1.8 liter four-cylinder was replaced by a 1.6 liter single-overhead-cam powerplant that continued to feature 70 net horsepower, but boosted gas mileage by 12% to an amazing 36 mpg city, 47 highway with the automatic. The four speed manual, five speed manual, and three speed automatic were still available. The Corolla Hardtop came only with the four-speed automatic. (There were eight models in 1983, the Hardtop, Sport Coupe, Liftback, Sedan, and Wagon with varying numbers of door).

    Handling was improved through a new rack and pinion steering system, with power assist on most models; the SR5 Sport Coupe and SR5 Hardtop could be purchased with a sports handling option, featuring stiffer springs and shock absorbers, a larger rear sway bar, a revised differential gear ratio for better torque at low and medium speeds, special seats with a unique fabric trim, raised white-letter steel-belted radials, aluminum wheels, and a wrapped, wider steering wheel. Only the SR5 Hardtop and Sport Coupe got a rear stabilizer bar; all models got a front stabilizer bar. The gas tank held 13.2 gallons for a remarkable distance between fill-ups. Rear brakes were drum, front were discs; all models had power brakes.

    The SR5 models also had two-tone paint schemes as options, while a sun-moon roof was available on all Sport Coupe and Liftback models. The lineup was two-door sedan and Deluxe sedan; four-door Deluxe sedan and Deluxe wagon; Deluxe liftback; SR5 Liftback, Sport Coupe, and Hardtop.

    In 1984, the Corolla moved to the format pioneered by the Hillman Avenger and copied so well by the Volkswagen Rabbit - front wheel drive with a transversely mounted four-cylinder engine, and MacPherson struts up front and coil springs in back (the SR5 Coupe and hatchback and the station wagon would be converted later). A small number of diesels were sold in the US, but these were quickly cancelled. Instead, a new version of the 1.6 liter engine, boasting dual overhead cams and four valves per cylinder, was added in mid-1984 to the rear wheel drive coupe and liftback, which, when so equipped, were called the Corolla GT-S. This vehicle attracted a following as it was rather fun to drive, and the engine was used in the original MR2, introduced in 1985.

    Faced with increasing sales, Toyota entered a joint venture with General Motors to create NUMMI, taking over a rather atrocious General Motors plant in California (I can vouch for this - they made my Camaro) and turned it into one of the highest quality plants in North America, at least partly due to an innovative system of implementing employee suggestions. The NUMMI plant built both the Corolla and the General Motors version, the Nova (later to be renamed Prizm).

    The sporty FX coupe was introduced in 1987, followed by the sixth generation in 1988. With sales still rising, Toyota opened a new facility in Canada which also produced Corollas. The quality of Toyota's new plants in North America was high enough to garner top (for its class) J.D. Power ratings in 1988, 1990, and 1992, and top ten ratings through 1994. The FX was available with either a single or dual cam engine (with the latter, it was called the FX16).

    In 1993, the Corolla moved to its current compact size, garnering many awards. The Tercel was split off as a separate subcompact model to attract those who could no longer afford the increasingly upscale Corolla. A 1.6 liter engine was standard, with an optional 1.8 liter engine. A driver's side airbag was standard, and a passenger airbag was added in 1994.

    By 1997, all Corollas sold in the United States were built in North America. The wagon was discontinued, but side-impact protection was increased.

    In 1998, the current generation was created. Its distinguishing feature was a new 1.8 liter engine which produced about 120 hp, with (unlike Civic engines) torque to match. Yet, it achieved very good gas mileage and was quite quiet.

    In 2000, the engine was given variable valve timing for better gas mileage and more power. It also reduced emissions, so that the Corolla could be certified by the EPA as a low emission vehicle.

    2001 saw a minor facelift of the sheet metal, making the Corolla look even more like a Camry. In 2003, the Corolla was expanded and cosmetically modified in a periodic redesign, while in 2004, a new generation was introduced that was larger inside - nearly matching the prior-generation Camry. In 2005, the Celica's engine was retuned for better mid-range torque (and lower horsepower) and put into a modified Corolla to produce the Corolla XRS.

    In the thirty years since its introduction, Corolla has sold more cars worldwide than any other nameplate! (that was written in 1999 but is still true today)
    Toyota Corolla specifications over the years
    2003-2007 1998-2002 1990-92 1983 Sedan/Wagon
    & SR5/Liftback
    1966-69
    Headroom, front 39.1 39.3 37.8 & 36.7
    Headroom, rear 37.1 36.9
    Legroom, front 41.3 42.5 42.1 & 41.6
    Legroom, rear 35.4 33.2
    Hip room, front 51.9 50.5
    Hip room, rear 46.2 51.2
    Tread (max) 58.3 57.5 52.4 & 53.0
    Trunk space 13.6 cubic feet 12.1 cubic feet 11 cubic feet
    EPA interior space 90.3 cubic feet 88 cubic feet 84 cubic feet
    Wheelbase 102.4 97.0 95.7 94.5 (both) 90
    Length 178.3 174.0 170-172 166-169 (both)
    Height 57.5-57.7 54.5 49.5-54.5 50.8-53.0 (both)
    Width 66.9 66.7 65.2 - 65.6 63.4-64.0 (both)
    Weight (lb) ~ 2,600 2414-2453 lb 2,390 - 2,436 2,080-2,178 (both) 1,637**
    Drag coefficient .296* 0.31
    Ground clearance 5.7 4.7

    * Reported as 0.30 starting in 2005 ** Except wagon, 1,731
    Engines (All figures for FWD) 2003-07 1999 1990-92 1985 1983 1982 1966-69
    Base engine, horsepower 130@6,000* 120 @ 5,600 102** 70 @ 4,800 70 @ 4,800 60 @ 6,000
    Base engine, torque 125@4,200 122 @ 4,400 101** 85 @ 2,800 n/a 61.5 @ 3,800
    Base engine, manual trans 32/40 31/38 28/33 30/37 Not Avail
    Base engine, four-speed automatic 29/38 28/36 25/33 28/34 36/47 None
    Base engine, three-speed automatic n/a 28/33 26/29 28/32 None

    * Starting in 2006, engines were rated to 126 hp / 122 lb-ft of torque at the same engine speeds. Starting in 2005, gas mileage rose to 32/41 (manual), 30/38 automatic, 26/34 XRS.

    ** 1990: GT-S coupe got 130 hp/105 lb-ft (1990-91 only).

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  3. #2
    Kopral Dua
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    tambahin foto2nya pak... biar menarik..

  4. #3
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    ini sih corolla di amrik

    beda sejarah ma di indo

    yg di indo liat aja di web www.toyota.co.id

    ada tuh di sana
    www.satyrwebstore.web.id - automotive online store since 2006
    Osram, Forch, DS, Wealthy, K&N, Michelin, Denso, NGK, NWB, Castrol, Mobil, Shell, Aral, Total, etc

  5. #4
    Letnan Jendral
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    Judulnya di liat dong pak
    Toyota Corolla History
    bukan Sejarah Toyota Corolla

    dari situ bisa di dapat kesimpulannya kan???
    palagi isi nya

    pisssss

  6. #5
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    knpa ya corolla yg baru2 skrg ga dibikin mirip2 celica aja modelnya....atau ga jauh2lah dari ae92 gts nya amerika

    ada yg nyadar ga kalo sebenernya mesin 4age 16v itu sebenarnya dibuat untuk RWD(penggerak belakang)?
    peletakan distributornya aneh bgt disitu.
    klo 4age 20v dan 4afe dll, yg distributornya di samping silinder no.4 emeng dibuat untuk FWD/tarik depan aja.
    ini opini gw loh yah

  7. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by beruk View Post
    knpa ya corolla yg baru2 skrg ga dibikin mirip2 celica aja modelnya....atau ga jauh2lah dari ae92 gts nya amerika

    ada yg nyadar ga kalo sebenernya mesin 4age 16v itu sebenarnya dibuat untuk RWD(penggerak belakang)?
    peletakan distributornya aneh bgt disitu.
    klo 4age 20v dan 4afe dll, yg distributornya di samping silinder no.4 emeng dibuat untuk FWD/tarik depan aja.
    ini opini gw loh yah
    pertanyaan yg susah tuk di jawab
    walopun di jawab itu cuma asumsi dari ktia aja

    sayang engineer toyota atau Toyoda San gak jadi member modcom
    kalo gak dia bisa bantu jawab....

    inti nya saya gak tau pak

    hehehehehehehhe

    jadi Dyno???
    dimana???
    ekspektasinya gimana???

    pasti deg2an loh

  8. #7
    Letnan Kolonel
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    Quote Originally Posted by theansoracing View Post
    Judulnya di liat dong pak
    Toyota Corolla History
    bukan Sejarah Toyota Corolla

    dari situ bisa di dapat kesimpulannya kan???
    palagi isi nya

    pisssss
    biar jelas tulis donk buat USDM gitu... biar ntar ga pada SALAH BACA ato SALAH AMBIL KESIMPULAN

    ntar berabe kalo salah baca.......

    btw judul dalam bhs inggris n content ga menjamin isinya tentang luar negeri

    kalo gitu ngapain ada news tentang indonesia dalam bahasa inggris?? heheh
    www.satyrwebstore.web.id - automotive online store since 2006
    Osram, Forch, DS, Wealthy, K&N, Michelin, Denso, NGK, NWB, Castrol, Mobil, Shell, Aral, Total, etc

  9. #8
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    Quote Originally Posted by theansoracing View Post
    pertanyaan yg susah tuk di jawab
    walopun di jawab itu cuma asumsi dari ktia aja

    sayang engineer toyota atau Toyoda San gak jadi member modcom
    kalo gak dia bisa bantu jawab....

    inti nya saya gak tau pak

    hehehehehehehhe

    jadi Dyno???
    dimana???
    ekspektasinya gimana???

    pasti deg2an loh
    blm dikirim brgnya hiks...
    ekspektasi sih blm tau bos.
    tapi tanpa itu juga udah bisa ngelewatin something initial H 2000cc with 16.4 et sentrul
    tampang bapak2 dan standar gitu loh...wekekekekek

  10. #9
    Letnan Dua
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    Jadi inget cerita tadi, pas lagi nyari2 nama buat anak gue, tiba2 bokap gue nyeletuk, katanya dulu gue sama adik gue mau dikasih nama "Corolla" dan "Corona"
    Dasar Toyota Freak...
    nurun deh ke anaknya skrg wkwkwkwkw
    Want a good picture of your car? Call me or PM me ;Suitable for contest cars

  11. #10
    Letnan Kolonel
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    hahaha

    tar cucunya Camry ama Celsior ya bro?
    www.satyrwebstore.web.id - automotive online store since 2006
    Osram, Forch, DS, Wealthy, K&N, Michelin, Denso, NGK, NWB, Castrol, Mobil, Shell, Aral, Total, etc

 

 
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